The Musculoskeletal system provides essential movements and energy for life functions. Bones, connective tissues and muscles are grouped into one for a certain functional unit.
Congenital anomalies, a type of congenital disorder that is usually present at birth. Which is why in certain cases, a congenital anomaly is a term used interchangeably for a birth defect. At most times, it can cause either mental or physical disability.
Congenital anomalies may be very mild or severe
A mild anomaly can be described as a strange feature which has no serious complications to the patient. However, a severe congenital anomaly is defined as a defect which has serious medical problems. And some may be fatal. In fact, one of the leading causes of deaths for a high percentage of infants has to do with some form of congenital anomaly complication.
These are caused by various factors which can be environmental or hereditary. Environmental factors refer to factors, for example, a pregnant woman exposed to certain drugs she is taking during her pregnancy. While hereditary factors refer to the genes that one has. However there are some congenital anomalies which occur due to unknown causes. Statistics reveals that about 40-60% of congenital disorders have causes which are unknown to anyone.
The basic two types of congenital anomalies
Functional congenital anomalies refer to the problems that a certain body part is experiencing that hinder its primary function. These problems may play a factor to degenerative disorders, metabolic disorders and brain problems.
Degenerative disorders can lead to a worsen health condition in life though not visible at birth. Metabolic disorders, on the other hand, refer to the reaction of the body to a chemical process happening inside our body system. Phenylketonuria and hypothyroidism are the two most common metabolic disorders. Brain problems include convulsion, behavioral disorders, speech difficulties, and mental retardation. Structural congenital anomalies in contrast refer to the disorders that has something to do with body parts. This includes physical problems as well as growth and neural tube defects.
There are many ways to diagnose a congenital anomaly. Some of these are the screening tests which includes ultrasound, blood tests, and chorionic villus sampling. These tests are usually for pregnant women since congenital anomalies are commonly diagnosed during pregnancy. Take note that screening tests are performed only to detect the possible occurrence of congenital anomaly. So, it is still important to discuss further tests and options with your doctor.
Various treatments for congenital anomalies are now being advised and practiced. Usually it depends upon the disorder the severity of it’s depth. Some treatments may require surgery and a combination of educational and medical therapy.